India indicates a weak performance graph in socio-economic pointers like the Human Development Index. In terms of poverty, India ranks the least compared to the Current Permanent members, and the suggested countries. With a lower per capita GDP, India suffers bleak chances of gaining permanence in the UNSC. India’s HDI value for 2018 was 0.647, which put the country in the medium human development category, positioning it at 129 out of 189 countries.
The dominant indicators of HDI — GNP, Life expectancy and education attainment describe an adverse picture of HDI that calls for revision.
India’s life expectancy rate needs drastic improvement. The budget allocation, which is abysmally as little than 1% of GDP, if increased, can help in infrastructural developments and better healthcare facilities at the Public hospitals. Sanitization and drinking water facility is on the priority list. “Swachh Bharat Abhiyan” is one commendable step in this direction.
Factors contributing to per capita income are:
- Hassle-free environment for entrepreneurship encouragement
- Encourage FDI’s in multiple sectors
- imparting skill development in education
- Bridge, the disparities based on demographics
The Government needs to improve the education scheme to flattered by developing a skill-based structure of learning, scientific research projects, enhancements, and using competent faculties in government institutions.
A considerable level of economic development is necessary for being elected as a member of the council. Developing economies have a deeper voice. The selection process inclined toward economically developed countries necessitates economic independence.
India is struggling with other countries of G4 grouping (Japan, Brazil, and Germany) for a place in permanent membership in UNSC. The International Monetary Fund’s World Economic Outlook (WEO) Database of October 2016, projects the fiscal prospects of India to be $10 trillion, making it the 3rd largest economy, with a population of 1.46 billion. So by concentrating on economic growth and solving internal problems, India can become a powerful nation by 2030, boosting India’s chances of the permanent membership of the UNSC.
To gain UNSC membership, India must possess a powerful military. India needs to test its capacity to project its military power beyond the Indian Ocean region. Further, India relies on weaponry imports from the US and Russia for its military requirements. The dependence on weapon imports draws away finances and demeans our defense competencies.
“Defense Production Policy of 2018” (DPrP-2018) goals to becoming one of the top 5 global producers of the aerospace and defense manufacturing with an annual export target of US$5 billion by 2025. Under Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s flagship scheme, Make in India in Defense the government’s policies to encourage domestic manufacturing and export of defense equipment, is remarkable.
Privatization of defense, and relaxations in export regulations, have encouraged the production of defense machinery in India. Without allowing the Indian private sector, the government has offered Indian contracts on a silver platter to offshore companies through FDI.
FDI leads to considerable economic development using the finances of overseas investors, whereas the objective of Make in India is to support Local Industrial expansion. Government contracts should be given first to Indian companies. To cover up the technology crunch, it should allow the Indian companies to source technology partners and also bring in FDI, which will serve the national interest and very intent of the government.
Internal issues –
Reconciliation with the Naxalites- Security Council holds an eagle eye upon the internal issues of the member countries. One bottleneck for India is The Naxalism.
At present, the Naxal activities have spread across 90 districts in 10 states in India. The movements are not driven by ethnic, linguistic, or geographical parameters but by the mentality of the people. The increasing force of Naxalism is an after effect condition of people residing in undeveloped tribular areas. Country’s 85 most impoverished districts are in seven of the ten Naxal affected states.
At least 32% of the population remains below the poverty line. The tribal are subjected to brutal discrimination in India’s caste-conscious society. Mobilizing the support of the people is essential to weaken the hold of the Naxals. The political parties have abdicated their responsibilities in this regard. The government has to take Naxalismt’s step to reconciliation. Depriving the poor tribe of their land and forest resources has aggravated the situation. Equal treatment to the tribes can help in gaining their support. A step towards educating the uninformed tribes can be a welcome move.
The security council and the united nations have condemned India’s inefficiency in controlling the religious unrest and social divide. India’s approach towards Rohingyas by labeling them as “illegal” and “national security threat” received a negative response from the North-Eastern states. CAA and NRC received negative responses from North-Eastern states for being discriminatory against a particular community. The aftermath of CAA NRC has devastated India’s image at the Council. India needs to solve the communal issues in solidarity with its democratic and sovereign constitution.
Diplomatic missions – India requires to carve out correct diplomacy to gain veto. France and the UK have supported India as a permanent member with a veto and opposed Germany. India needs to take favorable steps to pick up support from the UK and Russia with more nuanced diplomacy as India have been representatives of G-4 grouping (Japan, Germany, India, Brazil — all of them competing to get permanent membership and supporting one another). India requires an active foreign policy to obtain fundamental coverage from International media to make tables turn. India has been defensive in multilateral negotiations. Time has started setting the rules in dealing with border issues. It sprouts India’s image as a leader in the global world and helps gain the support of other nations.
There is an absolute condition for which the permanent members require to be tough (in a warlike sense), economically vibrant, and capable of promoting international reputation. The new-age India of 2020 is a developing democracy, yet with certain loopholes which, if filled, can help it in securing permanent membership of the Security Council.